Definition of Terms

Who is a Candidate?
A candidate is an individual who seeks nomination or election to public office, whether or not such individual is successful. An individual is deemed to be a candidate if he or she: personally, or through another person, has solicited or received funds or other resources, or made expenditures, including expenditures from personal funds, for the purpose of bringing about such individual’s nomination or election to any office; or has been endorsed or nominated by a political party and is thus entitled to a position on the ballot at an election or primary (whether or not funds or resources have been solicited, received or expended); or is otherwise qualified for placement on the ballot pursuant to the election laws (whether or not funds or resources have been solicited, received or expended). [Sections 9-601(11), 9-400, 9-406, 9-418, and Subchapter C of Chapter 153, General Statutes]
What is a Candidate Committee?
A candidate committee is a committee designated by a single candidate to promote his or her nomination or election to a particular public office or to the position of town committee member. A candidate committee may only be utilized to support one candidate. [Section 9-601(4), General Statutes]
Purpose of Designation and When to File?
An individual must give public notice of the manner in which the individual’s campaign will be funded within 10 days after becoming a candidate by filing these forms with the proper filing repository, which is the State Elections Enforcement Commission or the Town Clerk depending upon the office or position being sought. Generally, each candidate must register a single candidate committee to fund his or her campaign. No candidate may form more than one candidate committee. However, there are certain exemptions from this requirement. See Exemption Status information on SEEC FORM 1B Instructions, p. 2. Failure of the candidate to file a candidate committee or file a qualified exemption with the proper filing repository within 10 days of becoming a candidate will result in the imposition of a mandatory $100 fine; which must be paid by personal funds of the candidate. [Sections 9-604(a), (b) and 9-623, General Statutes] The candidate’s designation of a treasurer or a deputy treasurer must be co-signed by such individuals, signifying their acceptance of the appointment. A candidate must designate a campaign treasurer to be responsible for receiving contributions, making expenditures and filing the financial disclosure statements required by Sec. 9-608. A deputy campaign treasurer may also be appointed. The campaign treasurer and deputy campaign treasurer must be electors (registered voters) of this state. A candidate may not serve as his/ her own campaign treasurer or deputy treasurer. A single checking account must be established with a depository institution situated in this state, and the address of such institution must be designated on this form.
Where to File this form?
If you are a candidate for the office of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of the State, Treasurer, Comptroller, Attorney General, Judge of Probate, State Senator or State Representative, you must file this form with the State Elections Enforcement Commission at: State Elections Enforcement Commission, Campaign Finance Disclosure Unit--3rd Floor, 20 Trinity St., Hartford, CT 06106-1628. If you are a candidate for an elective office in a municipal election or the position of member to a town committee at a town committee primary, you must file this form with the Town Clerk in the municipality in which you are a candidate.
Additional Informational Resources?
For complete rules and definitions relating to the financing of a candidate’s campaign, you are urged to read either “A Guide for Candidates for State Office, General Assembly and Judge of Probate” or “A Guide for Municipal Candidates,” depending upon the type of office you are seeking. These publications are available at the Commission’s offices or on its webpage located at www.ct.gov/seec after clicking on the “Publications” link.
Questions?
If you have any questions concerning filing dates, need additional forms, or if you need guidance in proper campaign finance reporting or have questions pertaining to the interpretation of the campaign finance laws, please call the State Elections Enforcement Commission in Hartford at 860-256-2940 or toll free within Connecticut at 866-733-2463 (outside of the Hartford area).